This course explores the relationship between cities and development, focusing specifically on the issues of urban violence, inequality, and conflict. It takes off from both classic and recent epistemological debates concerning the nature of urban contexts, and will explore how contemporary urbanization, in both the North and the South, is widely seen as generative of critical social, economic, cultural, and spatial processes, many of which are associated with the spread of insecurity and injustice. These issues are explored drawing on examples from cities across the world to understand how and why urban contexts are considered loci of such patterns of conflict and difference, but also to consider what kinds of interventions and responses have emerged in reaction to them. Key themes to be explored include different forms of individual, collective, and structural violence and insecurity, social stratification, the politics of urban planning and infrastructure, urban governance, and the representation of the urban within current development debates.