The seminar aims at investigating through anthropological perspectives the aftermath of civil wars, genocides and dictatorships. How the 'nation' can be rebuilt? What is the role of civil societies and State authorities in the process at the national and local levels? How the models of State-building and reconciliation 'exported' by international donors help or hinder the transitions? Are they new instruments of a neoliberal governmentality in the post-colonial world? Actually, the instruments and practices of what has come to be known 'Dealing with the Past' (DWP) and 'Transitional Justice' (TJ) have witnessed in past decades an important surge of South-South cooperation with the the UN as a 'broker'. However, after the Latin America experiences during the 1970s and 1980s, and in South Africa in the early 1990s, the legalistic models of TJ for DWP have become more and more part of the tools used by international donors for promoting a global 'neoliberal order'. The approach will be geographically and thematically comparative: Asia (Cambodia), Latin America (Chili and Argentina) and the Middle East (Lebanon); two contexts of past dictatorships, one case of genocide and one of post-civil war. Cinematic representations of different forms of transitional justice, documentary films and fictions will be part and parcel of the pedagogical material for the seminar.