Robert B. Koopman




Robert B. Koopman serves as the Chief Economist and Director of the Economic Research and Statistics Division at the World Trade Organization. In this post Bob provides the Secretariat and Member Countries with analysis and information that promotes a deeper understanding of trade and trade policy's role in economic growth and development.

Prior to this post he served as the Director of Operations and Chief Operating Officer for the United States International Trade Commission. Bob oversaw the Commission’s trade policy research and negotiation assistance to the President, the U.S. Trade Representative, and Congress; antidumping, countervailing duty, and safeguard; investigations; intellectual property investigations; maintenance and analysis of the Harmonized Tariff System, as well as the agency’s strategic planning and performance measurement initiatives. He also previously served as the Chief Economist and Director of the USITC Office of Economics, and numerous leadership and research positions at the Economic Research Service of USDA.

Bob previously taught international trade, applied international trade, advanced international trade, and trade and economic development in the Economics Department at Georgetown University, in Washington DC. Bob‘s research interests include measuring the economic effects of trade and trade policy changes, measuring global value chains, and the application and validation of large scale economic simulation models. Bob also currently serves as an ex officio member of the World Trade Review Editorial Board, and serves as an editor for the Springer Series Advances in Applied General Equilibrium Modeling, with James Giesecke and Peter Dixon.


Refereed Journal Articles

“Tracing Value_Added and Double Counting in Gross Exports,” American Economic Review, 104(2):459-94, February 2014 with Zhi Wang and Shang-Jin Wei.

“How Much of Chinese Exports in Really Made in China? Assessing Domestic Value-Added When Processing Trade is Pervasive,” NBER Working Paper 14109, June 2008. With Zhi Wang and Shang-Jin Wei. Journal of Development Economics, March 2012.

“Overview of U.S.-China Trade in Advanced Technology Products.” 2011, with Alexander Hammer and Andrew Martinez.  In Proceedings of the Joint Symposium of US Advanced Technology Product Trade and Industrial Development, Journal of International Commerce and Economics, USITC, May.  http://www.usitc.go/journals/jice.htm.

“The Nature of U.S.-China Trade in Advanced Technology Products,” 2010, With Michael Ferrantino, Zhi Wang, and Falan Yinug. Comparative Economic Studies. Volume 52, Issue 2, pp. 207-224.

“Using State Level Simulations in a Political Economy Model of Trade Policy.” 2007, With Hugh Arce and Marinos Tsigas. Public Choice, 135: 91-107. 

“Producer Subsidy Equivalents for Russian Agriculture: Estimation and Interpretation,” American Journal of Agricultural Economics, August 1996, with William Liefert, David Sedik, Eugenia Serova, and Olga Melyukhina,

"Agricultural Reform in the Former USSR," Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 35, no. 4, Winter 1993.  With William Liefert and Edward Cook.

"European Economic Integration and the Consequences for U.S. Agriculture," Agribusiness Journal, vol.8, no. 4, July 1993.  With James Gleckler and Luther Tweeten.


Book Chapters, Monographs, Other Publications

“Observing Patterns of International Trade and Investment,” with Michael Ferrantino, Public Economics: The Government’s Role in American Economics.  ABC-CLIO publisher. Steven Payson, editor.  

“Estimating Foreign Value-Added in Mexico’s Manufacturing Exports,” with Justino De La Cruz, Shang-Jin Wei, and Zhi Wang, in Global Interdependence, Decoupling, and Recoupling.  CESifo Seminar Series, The MIT Press publisher.  Yin-Wong Cheung and Frank Westermann editors. 2013.

“The Implications of Using Value-Added Trade Data for Applied Trade Policy Analysis,” with Marinos Tsigas, David Riker and William Powers, in Global Value Chains in Changing World,

Deborah Elms and Patrick Low, editors, World Trade Organization, Fung Global Institute, and Temesek Foundation Centre for Trade and Negotiations, 2013.

“Is Precocious Export Sophistication a Source of China’s Growth Success? Computing the Share of Domestic Value Added in Exports When Processing Trade is Prevalent,” with Zhi Wang and Shang-Jin Wei.  in Advances in Economics and Econometrics: Theory and Applications, Tenth World Congress, Volumes I, II, III, Daron Acemoglu, Manuel Arellano, and Eddie Dekel, editors, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

“Estimating Domestic Content in Exports when Processing Trade is Pervasive,” 2013, with Zhi Wang and Shang-Jin Wei, in Trade in Value Added: Developing New Measures of Cross-Border Trade, Centre for Economic Policy Research and The World Bank. Aaditya Matoo, Zhi Wang, and Shang-Jin Wei, editors,

“Foreign and Domestic Content in Mexico’s Manufacturing Exports,” 2013, with Justino De La Cruz, Zhi Wang and Shang-Jin Wei, in Trade in Value Added: Developing New Measures of Cross-Border Trade, Centre for Economic Policy Research and The World Bank. Aaditya Matoo, Zhi Wang, and Shang-Jin Wei, editors. Previously published as USITC Working Paper EC-2011-04A. April 2011.

“Give Credit Where Credit Is Due: Tracing Value Added in Global Production Chains,” September 2010, NBER working paper W16426, with William Powers, Zhi Wang, Shang-Jin Wei.

 “U.S.-China Economic Relations and Value Chains in Global Production Networks,” 2012, in Dragon vs. Eagle: The Chinese Economy and U.S.-China Economic Relations, W.E. Upjohn Insititute. Wei-Chiao Huang and Huizhong Zhou, editors.

“The MONASH Style of CGE Modeling: a Framework for Practical Policy Analysis,” 2012, with Peter B. Dixon and Maureen T. Rimmer. In Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling, Elsevier. Peter B. Dixon and Dale Jorgenson, editors.

“Protectionism, economic growth, and the G20 in the recent economic downturn,” forthcoming in The States of the World, Recontres Economiques d’Aix-en-Provence, 2011.  Le Cercle des Economistes, Paris, France.

“A World Factory in Global Production Chains: Estimating Imported Value Added in Exports by the Peoples Republic of China,” with Zhi Wang and Shang-Jin Wei, in Costs and Benefits of Regional Economic Integration, edited by Robert Barro and Jong-Wha Lee, Oxford University Press. 2011.  Previously published as CEPR working paper DP7430, September 2009.

“Can Developed Countries Remain the Leaders in Innovation?” In Search of New Growth, Recontres Economiques d’Aix-en-Provence, 2010.  Le Cercle des Economistes, Paris, France.

“Classification of Trade in Advanced Technology Products and its Statistics Reconciliation: The Case of China and the United States,” 2007. With Michael Ferrantino, Zhi Wang, and Falan Yinug. Brookings – Tsinghua Center Working Paper WP20070906EN, June, Washington, DC.

"Potential Impact on World Agricultural Markets of Policy Reform in Eastern Europe and the USSR." in The Environment, Government Policies, and International Trade: A Proceedings, Mathew Shane and Harold von Witzke eds. ERS Staff Report no. AGES9314. September, 1993.

Bulgarian Grain Market Management, presented to Bulgarian Minister of Agriculture, May 1993.  With Mack Leath, Maria Cappuccio, and Fiona Cubitt.

European Economic Integration and the Consequences for U.S. Agriculture, International Agricultural Trade Research Consortium Working Paper # 91-7 October, 1991.  With James Gleckler and Luther Tweeten.

"Agriculture's Role During the Transition from Plan to Market:  Real Prices, Real Incentives, and Potential Equilibrium." in Conference Proceedings from Bureau of Labor Statistics/ Eurostat Conference on Economic Statistics for Economies in Transition: Eastern Europe in the 1990's.  Washington, DC, February 14-16, 1991. Proceedings published February 1994.

Government Intervention in Soviet Agriculture: Estimates of Consumer and Producer Subsidy Equivalents.  ERS Staff Report No. 9146.  With Edward Cook and William Liefert.

"Comparative Technical Efficiency of Soviet Agriculture: A Discussion of Some Recent Empirical Findings," CPE Agriculture Report, Vol. 3, No.5, September/October, 1990, pp. 16-23.

"The Soviet Food Problem: A Different Perspective, The Role of Relative Prices," CPE Agriculture Report, Vol. 3, No.5, September/October, 1990, pp. 24-30.

“Eastern Europe: The Transition from Plan to Market,” in World Agricultural Situation Report, Economic Research Service, July 1990. With Nancy Cochrane.

"The USSR", in Estimates of Producer and Consumer Subsidy Equivalents: Government Intervention in Agriculture, 1982-87, Alan J. Webb, Michael Lopez, and Renata Penn, ed., Statistical Bulletin No. 803, Economic Research Service, June 1990.  With Edward Cook.

“Europe in Turmoil,” in Agricultural Outlook, Economic Research Service, May 1990.  With Walter Gardiner, Mary Lisa Madell, and Gregory Gajewski.

"The Technical Efficiency of Soviet Cotton Production", in Communist Agriculture, vol. 1: Farming in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, K.E. Wadekin, ed., Routledge, London.

Efficiency and Growth in Agriculture: A Comparative Study of the Soviet Union, United States, Canada, and Finland. ERS Staff Report No. AGES 89-54.

Robert Koopman

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