Identity factors have traditionally played a major role in multicultural African countries, characterized by the coexistence of diverse religious practices. While religion nowadays declines in Western societies, it remains an important identity marker in Africa. What is the effective link between identity factors and conflict dynamics in the contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa? What really fueled armed conflicts in the region? What is the role of African elite in this conflictuality? This seminar focuses on major armed conflicts which happened in the region since the end of bipolarity, and aims to provide an in-depth analysis on the nexus between identity and armed violence in the contemporary Sub-Saharan Africa. Classes will be taught both in English and French, and will consist of lectures, group exercises, discussions and thematic presentations.