This course approaches the theory and practice of historiography by focusing on the main themes, debates, methods, and epistemological assumptions of social history. Arguably the most influential innovation in historical scholarship in the twentieth century, social history entered a period of crises in the last few decades. As we will see, these crises, which were connected with the rise of cultural history, were in fact highly productive. Most recently, historians have called for a renewal of a social history fit for a global age. In the course, we will explore the main categories social historians work with such as structure and event, gender, class, race, and agency. In particular, we will ask what social-historical perspectives might contribute to an understanding of modern capitalism.