The course covers key biomedical and biotechnological developments in the late 20th and early 21st century to examine how new biomedical technologies and advances in biomedicine are problematizing old global health concerns. The course illustrates ways in which new technological advances are impacting categories such as life/death, health/illness and normal/pathological. The topics covered include emerging global complexities in defining health, illness (especially in the context of epigenetics and related technologies of population screening), medical surveillance, epidemics, and the rise of new pharmaceuticals in the context of emerging biotechnologies. The course also examines the very idea of death, dying, and availability of organs for transplantation around the globe and introduces biologically, ethically, and socially complex stem cell technologies. The course shows how these seemingly elite medical and technological developments are reframing global health concerns in the new century.