This research seminar will study the legal foundations of global energy governance. Traditionally, most of the scholarship in this area has focused on joint development agreements, investment agreements or on the international regime for oil pollution damage. But on closer scrutiny, this is a very limited understanding of the topic. Indeed, numerous other norms and treaties are relevant for the international regulation of energy. Based on a conceptualisation of 'energy' as a legal object, the seminar will analyse three main models of energy regulation: (i) a fragmented model, (ii) an ad hoc model, and (iii) a centralised model. The seminar is intended for international law students and for students of other disciplines specialising on energy and/or environmental governance.