Michael Kende

Michael KENDE

Spoken languages
English, French, German
Areas of expertise
  • Industrial Organization
  • Economics of the Internet
  • Internet development
  • Internet governance


Ph.D. in economics, MIT
Michael Kende is a Senior Fellow at the Internet Society, a Senior Advisor at Analysys Mason, and an Affiliate of the Berkman Klein Center at Harvard University. Most recently, he was the Chief Economist of the Internet Society. Prior to joining the Internet Society in August 2013, Michael Kender was a partner at Analysys Mason, a global consulting firm focused on telecommunications and media. He was head of the Policy and Regulatory sector, head of the U.S. office, and most recently was in charge of developing its Internet practice at Analysys Mason. He has done a significant amount of work on promoting Internet development in emerging regions around the world. He is also working on the economics of cybersecurity, as a means to reduce data breaches and increase trust in the Internet. He has a Ph.D. in economics from MIT and a BA in mathematics and economics from Bowdoin College. After MIT, he spent five years as a professor of Economics at INSEAD, teaching microeconomics to MBA students and a course in industrial organisation for Ph.D. students. He was also the Director of Internet Policy Analysis at the US Federal Communications Commission, where he was responsible for managing a wide range of policy analyses and regulatory decisions. Prior to MIT, Michael Kende worked as a systems analyst in the IT department for Proctor and Gamble in Geneva.




  • The Dynamics of Technological Adoption in Hardware/Software Systems: The Case of Compact Disc Players’, with Neil Gandal and Rafael Rob, Rand Journal of Economics, Vol. 31, No. 1 (Spring 2000), pp. 43–61
  • ‘Profitability under an Open versus a Closed System’, Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, Vol. 7, Number 2 (1998), pp. 307–326
  • ‘A Note on Backward Compatibility’, Economic Letters, 45 (1994), pp. 385–389
  • ‘Telecommunications trade liberalisation and the WTO’, with Kent Bressie and Howard Williams, info, Vol. 7, No. 2, 2005
  • ‘The Digital Handshake: Connecting Internet Backbones’, CommLaw Conspectus, Vol. 11, No. 1 (2003), pp. 45–70
  • ‘An Overview of International Internet Interconnection Issues’, Global eCommerce law and business report, October 2000


  • ‘Promoting Content in Africa,’ with Bastiaan Quast, Internet Society, August 2016
  • ‘The Mobile App Divide,’ Internet Society, November 2015
  • ‘Global Internet Report, Mobile Evolution and Development of the Internet,’ Internet Society, September 2015
  • ‘E-Entrepreneurship on the Open Internet,’ World Economic Forum Global Information Technology Report, April 2015 · ‘Promoting Local Content Hosting to Develop the Internet Ecosystem,’ with Karen Rose, Internet Society January 2015
  • ‘Global Internet Report, Open and Sustainable Access for All,’ Internet Society, June 2014
  • ‘IPTV: A breakthrough for US telcos?’, with Ada Schulman, Analysys Mason Research Report, October 2005
  • ‘VoIP in the US Market: services, business models and regulation’, with Brian Boroff and Terry Foster, Analysys Mason Research Report, April 2004
  • ‘GPRS Roaming: technical options and strategic implication’, with Katrina Bond and David Wilkins, Analysys Mason Research Report, September 2002
  • ‘Government Support of the European Information Technology Industry’, in Neven, Damien J. and Lars-Hendrik Roller (eds): The Political Economy of Industrial Policy in Europe and the Member States, Sigma/WZB, Berlin, 2000, pp. 141–182
  • ‘The Digital Handshake: Connecting Internet Backbones,’ Federal Communications Commission Office of Plans and Policy Working Paper 32, September 2000