J Santos de Carvalho - Bio Pic-1.png


Research Assistant
Spoken languages
English, French, Portuguese
Areas of expertise
  • Gender and International Law
  • Women, Peace and Security
  • International Security
  • International Justice Systems


Juliana SANTOS DE CARVALHO is a PhD student in International Law with a minor in International Relations & Political Science at the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. She is a holder of a Swiss Government Excellence Scholarship for Foreign Scholars and a research assistant to the project “Diversity on the International Bench: Building Legitimacy for International Courts and Tribunals”, led by Professors Maria Neus Torbisco-Casals and Andrew Clapham.

Before her doctoral studies, she worked as a project assistant to the Institute for Societal Resilience of the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam (2018-2019), and contributed as research associate to the Netherlands Office of the Public International Law and Policy Group (2017-2018). She was also an intern at the International Criminal Court in 2019, and worked as an academic secretary at the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (Brazil) from 2013 to 2017. 

In 2018, she obtained her LL.M. in Law and Politics of International Security (cum laude) from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. In 2016, she earned her LL.B (summa cum laude) from the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN, Brazil). She is a member of the Brazilian Bar Association since 2017.

For her PhD thesis, she is working on the construction of legality of the Women, Peace and Security agenda.



‘A ‘Male’ Future? An Analysis on Gendered Discourses Regarding Lethal Autonomous Weapons Systems’. Amsterdam Law Forum, 10(2): 41-61.