Joelle Noailly


Spoken languages
English, French, Dutch
Areas of expertise
  • Climate, climate change, natural disasters
  • Energy
  • Environment, environmental policies, law, and economics
  • Applied microeconomics
  • Economics of innovation and technological change


Joëlle Noailly is Head of Research of the Centre for International Environmental Studies (CIES) and Lecturer in the Department of International Economics at the Graduate Institute. She also holds an appointment as Associate Professor in Environmental Economics at the Vrije Universiteit (VU) Amsterdam.

Her teaching activities cover the fields of environmental economics and policy and resource economics and development in the interdisciplinary and disciplinary Master and PhD programs, both at the Graduate Institute and at VU Amsterdam. Her academic research focuses on the broad topics of climate, energy, finance and innovation and her work has been published in the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Environmental and Resource Economics, Nature Energy, Energy Economics, among others.

Joëlle holds a Ph.D.  in environmental economics from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam and worked previously for the Netherlands Bureau for Economic Policy Analysis (CPB), the Dutch economic think-tank. She received a Marie Skłodowska-Curie fellowship from the European Commission in 2013 and has been awarded research grants from the Swiss Science Foundation, the Swiss Network of International Studies and the Swiss Federal Office of Energy. She is a fellow of the RWI Research Network, a knowledge partner of the Green Growth Knowledge Platform, and a member of the Energy Committee of the Swiss Academic of Arts and Sciences.



  • Directing technical change from fossil-fuel to renewable energy innovation: An application using firm-level data, Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, July, 72, pp.15-37 (with R. Smeets, 2015)
  • Multinational firms and the internationalization of green R&D: A review of the evidence and policy implications, Energy Policy, August, 83, pp.218.228  (with D. Ryfisch, 2015)
  • Improving the energy efficiency of buildings: The impact of environmental policy on technological innovation, Energy Economics, 34, pp. 795-806 (2012)
  • Coevolution of economic and ecological systems: An application to pesticide resistance in agriculture. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 17(5), pp.1-29 (2007)
  • Spatial evolution of social norms in a common-pool resource game. Environmental and Resource Economics, 36, pp. 113-141 (with C. A. Withagen and J.C.J.M van den Bergh, 2007)

Working Papers

Research projects


  • Access to clean energy for the green economy in developing countries
  • SINERGIA "Innovation, Diffusion and Green Growth"
  • The Impact of Innovation on Sectoral Energy Intensity in Switzerland
  • Greenspill: the Role of Multinational Firms for the Diffusion of Clean Technology
Joëlle Noailly