Dr Martins Paparinskis will address it under the rubric of ‘mega-awards’, in line with the terminology reportedly used by States in the most UNCITRAL Working Group III meeting this October.
A few recent examples from different international tribunals will illustrate his point:
Last September, Albania allocated 1.2 billion EUR for execution of judgments of the European Court of Human Rights.
This July, an investor-State dispute settlement tribunal rendered a 6 billion USD award against Pakistan, the second mega-award against the particular respondent since 2017.
In the International Court of Justice, it seems likely that the claim for compensation in Armed Activities on the Territory of Congo (DRC v Uganda), which was scheduled to be argued in the week of 18 November (now postponed), could involve comparable amounts, in light of the Court’s findings on the merits.
In short, mega-awards are, if not quite mundane, certainly not exceptional in contemporary international law, generated in different fields of international law as part of general dispute settlement practice and with very significant effects on many respondent States. Paparinskis proposes to discuss their place in the framework of rules and institutions of international law, with an eye to whether it is helpful to treat them as a separate juridical category that calls for particularly attuned legal solutions.