Marta Bo

Marta BO

Areas of expertise
  • International and transnational criminal law
  • International criminal procedure
  • Human rights
  • Artificial intelligence and criminal responsibility



Dr Marta Bo is a postdoctoral researcher at the Graduate Institute for International and Development Studies. She is also a researcher at the Asser Institute (The Hague) and member of the board of the Antonio Cassese Initiative. For the Antonio Cassese Initiative, Marta has developed, coordinated and implemented capacity-building and training projects in international and transnational criminal law, international humanitarian law and human rights law.

Marta is a qualified lawyer and she has acquired various work experience in international criminal tribunals (ICC and ICTY) and NGOs (International Bar Association’s Human Rights Institute, Peace and Justice Initiative and Antonio Cassese Initiative). She holds a Master’s degree in Law from the University of Bologna and an LL.M. in Public International Law from the University of Leiden. She completed her PhD in International Law (2015) at the University of Genova on the topic of human rights violations in the practice concerning the arrest and prosecution of pirates. 

She has lectured at several universities, including the University of Amsterdam, the University of Pavia and Bocconi University (Milan). She has published on international and transnational criminal law, law of the sea and human rights. Her current research focuses on criminal responsibility for war crimes committed with the use of autonomous weapon systems (LAWS and War Crimes Project).




  • The Situation in Libya and the ICC’s understanding of Complementarity in UNSC-Referred Cases, in 25 Criminal Law Forum 2014, 505-540.
  • EU Counter-Piracy Operations and the Protection of Human Rights at Sea, in Scritti di diritto privato europeo ed internazionale 2015, 267-290.
  • The Interplay Between International Law and National Law in The First Italian Prosecution of Piracy: the M/V Montecristo Case, XXIV Italian Yearbook of International Law 2015, 289-314.
  • European Court of Human Rights: Hassan and Others v. France and Ali Samatar and Others v. France, 30 The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 2015, 551-558.
  • Piracy at the Intersection between International and National: Regional Enforcement of a Transnational Crime in H. Van der Wilt (ed.) Legal Responses to Transnational and International Crimes, Towards and Integrative Approach, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2017, 71-91.
  • M. Bo, A. Petrig, The International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea and Human Rights, in M. Scheinin (ed.)Human Rights Norms in 'Other' International Courts and Tribunals, CUP, 2019.