The topics that PhD candidates presented greatly varied, allowing for enriching discussions and idea sharing.
Laura Nowzohour's presentation "Heard the News? Environmental Policy and Investments in Clean Technologies" lies at the intersection of environmental economics, macroeconomics and finance. Positioned in a totally different field, Roxana Elena Manea's presentation was titled "Heterogeneous impacts of school fee elimination in Tanzania: Gender and colonial infrastructure". The paper she presented is co-authored with Pedro Naso, a recent PhD alumnus of the Graduate Institute.
Here is what Roxana shared about her research:
The persistence of historical events and their impacts on current socio-economic outcomes is well documented. However, the evidence regarding the interaction between historical institutions and contemporary reforms is limited. The paper I presented at the workshop investigates the impacts of the 2002 elimination of primary school fees in Mainland Tanzania. My co-author and I explore how the magnitude of these effects depends on gender and the size of early investments in the educational infrastructure of Tanganyika. Our results show that the benefits of fee removal have been significantly larger for females compared to males, and females from districts where the size of investments in education was relatively larger during colonial rule have been the greatest beneficiaries. This means that females who have been disadvantaged by historically poor investments in their districts have continued to benefit less from educational reforms relative to females residing in districts with a stronger legacy of missionary and colonial schools. We argue that policymakers should design policies such that these spatial inequalities are addressed.