Title: 'Architects of the Better World': The Birth of the International Conference Complex (1918-1998)
PhD Supervisors: Andrea Bianchi, Carolyn Biltoft, & Samuel Moyn (Yale University)
Expected completion date: 2024
Even before the Unitedstatesean President Truman urged the attendants of the 1945 United Nations Conference on International Organization to see themselves as “architects of the better world,” the field of global governance has proven to be a fertile ground for metaphors drawn from architecture. Indeed, in the collective imagination of practitioners and scholars alike, the international legal order appears as a vast and towering edifice: a veritable “legal architecture” of globality that overlooks “areas” of governance sustained by figurative and normative “pillars.” But international law’s castles, of course, were not built solely in the air. For the metaphorical use of architectonical language only hides international law’s profound lack of engagement with the material and concrete spaces in which the “international” is produced, contested, and disputed. Conversely, in this dissertation, I argue that the “architecture of international cooperation” is a relevant question for international legal history. Instead of taking purpose-built environments for granted, I trace a genealogy of the emergence of the international conference complex as a spatial technology of global governance (1918-1998). Historicizing space and spatializing history, I suggest, might enable us to understand the role of architectonical infrastructures in the creation of socio-technical imaginaries of global governance.
Daniel R. Quiroga-Villamarín holds a law degree from the Universidad de los Andes (Bogotá, Colombia - 2018) and a Master in International Law from the Graduate Institute, Geneva (2020). He is pursuing his doctoral degree in International Law (with a minor in International History) at this same institution (2020-2024). He also works as a teacher assistant at the Institute's International Law department and as an adjunct lecturer at Sciences Po Nancy. His research focuses on the intersections of critical theory, global history, and international law, with a special concern for the theory and history of global governance. He has won several research prizes in Colombia and Switzerland (including the 2020 Mariano Garcia Rubio Prize for best master's mémoire) and his work has been published or is forthcoming in the Yearbook of Latin American Constitutional Law, the Journal of the History of International Law, Global Histories, the Melbourne Journal of International Law, the London Review of International Law, among others.
Relevant Publications and Works
1. Quiroga-Villamarín, D. R. (2021) “Beyond Texts? Towards a Material Turn in the Theory and History of International Law.” Journal of the History of International Law 23(3), 466-500.
2. Quiroga-Villamarín, D. R. (2021). “Vicarius Christi: Extraterritoriality, Pastoral Power, and the Critique of Secular International Law.” Leiden Journal of International Law 34(3), 629-652.
3. Quiroga-Villamarín, D.R. (2021). ‘All’s Fair in Love and War Imperial Gazes and Glaring Omissions at the Expositions Universelles (1851–1915).’ Cognitio – studentisches Forum für Recht und Gesellschaft, 2021/1: 1-15. DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.4494091
4. Quiroga-Villamarín, D. R. (2020). “Normalising Global Commerce: Containerisation, Materiality, and Transnational Regulation (1956-1968).” London Review of International Law 8(3), 457-477.
5. Quiroga-Villamarín, D. R. (2020). “Domains of Objects, Rituals of Truth: Mapping Intersections between International Legal History and the New Materialisms.” International Politics Reviews 8(2), 129–51.
6. Quiroga-Villamarín, D. R. (2019). “’An Atmosphere of Genuine Solidarity and Brotherhood’: Hernán Santa Cruz and a Forgotten Latin American Contribution to Social Rights.” Journal of the History of International Law vol. 29(1), 71-103.
7. Quiroga-Villamarín, D. R. “From Speaking Truth to Power to Speaking Power’s Truth: Transnational Judicial Activism in an Increasingly Illiberal World” 125-150 in Cynical International Law? Abuse and Circumvention in Public International and European Law edited by Baade, B., Burchardt, D., Feihle, P., Köppen, A., Mührel, L., Riemer, L., Schäfer, R., 111-133 (Berlin: Springer, 2021).
Academic Work Experience
Teaching Assistant at the Graduate Institute's International Law department
Adjunct Lecturer at Sciences Po Nancy
Fellowships, Grants and Awards
I was awarded a Doc.CH fellowship from the SNSF for my doctoral project (P0GEP1_200077/1 - CHF 226,962).
2020 Mariano Garcia Rubio Prize for best master's mémoire