Photo- Amb-Andisha

Afghanistan’s Elusive Negotiation Process: From Peacebuilding Back to Peacemaking

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Nasir A. Andisha, Ambassador and Permanent Representative of Afghanistan to the United Nations in Geneva 

Alessandro Monsutti, Professor of Anthropology and Sociology at the Graduate Institute and President of the Geneva Centre of Humanitarian Studies

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Afghanistan has been the theatre of a series of conflicts that lasted for more than 40 years. Following the attacks of September 11, 2001, a coalition led by the United States has intervened in Afghanistan. After 20 years, American soldiers are expected to have withdrawn by this autumn. Will the current negotiation between the Afghan government and the Taliban succeed in bringing peace and security?

Ambassador Nasir A. Andisha was previously Afghanistan’s Deputy Foreign Minister (2015-2019) and Ambassador of Afghanistan to Australia, New Zealand, and Fiji (2011-2015). He also served as the Director General of the Fifth Political Division and as the Director of Multilateral Economic Relations and International Financial Institutions. Ambassador Andisha has also worked at the Energy Charter Secretariat in Brussels and served at the Permanent Mission of Afghanistan at the UN Headquarters in New York in 2008. Before joining the Foreign Service, he worked with the International Committee of the Red Cross as a field officer in northern Afghanistan, Dr. Andisha taught at the Institute of Diplomacy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and at the Al Beruni University, Afghanistan. He holds a master’s degree from Texas A&M University and a PhD from the Asia Pacific College of Diplomacy at the Australian National University.

Alessandro Monsutti was formerly a Research Fellow at Yale University (2008-2010) and at the Institut für die Wissenschaften vom Menschen in Vienna (2020); Grantee of the MacArthur Foundation (2004-2006); and Visiting Professor at the University of Vienna (2012, 2021) and Arizona State University (2014). He has conducted multi-sited research since the mid-1990s in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran to study the modes of solidarity and cooperation mobilised in a situation of conflict and forced migration. He has subsequently broadened the geographical scope of his research to include Afghans living in Western countries. He is the author of War and Migration: Social Networks and Economic Strategies of the Hazaras of Afghanistan (2005) and Homo itinerans: Towards a Global Ethnography of Afghanistan (2020), as well as the co-editor of several edited volumes.