Research page

Timeline: April 2022 – April 2026

Funding organisation: SNSF
Granted fund: 881'132.00

Phase II of this project is ongoing. Click here for phase I.

project description

How do China, Japan, and Russia pursue multilateral and bilateral policies and programs in conflict-affected and fragile states? How do they affect the global normative order of peacebuilding?

This SNSF-funded project investigates these questions in two directions. First, it examines what the three peacebuilders (i.e., China, Japan, Russia) do in specific conflict-affected and fragile settings (Burkina Faso, Madagascar, the Philippines, and Timor Leste), analysing if and how they challenge the “liberal” peacebuilding practices on the ground.

Second, the project looks at the interactions between the three peacebuilders and local actors in the processes of peacebuilding, revealing how their policies and programs are received locally. The analysis focuses on three general norms– state sovereignty, governance model, and human rights– which form the “norm matrix” governing the peacebuilding order. It explores how the three peacebuilders embed (or not) these general norms in their specific programs, based on a combination of practice-tracing, textual analysis, and semi-structured interviews with programme implementers.

The project is the first multi-year research project to investigate comparatively the practical enactment of norms by major “non-Western” powers. It also advances non-binary frameworks on the global normative transformation that will stimulate further research on norms and practices, rising powers, and international orders.

This project will be undertaken in collaboration with CCDP Research Associate Kazushige Kobayashi, Associate Professor of Peace Studies, College and Graduate School of International Relations, Ritsumeikan University, Kyoto, Japan.

Key Events of the Project



  • October: Kazushige Kobayashi participated in a webinar entitled "War and Peace in Global International Relations," in which he talked about the research outcomes from phase 1 of the project.